The recommendation to wear orthopedic insoles-arch supports is not only for people who are diagnosed with flat feet. Such advice is relevant for women who prefer high-heeled shoes, overweight people, workers whose profession requires long-standing or constant walking. Insoles are prescribed for pregnant women, adults, and children during the rehabilitation period after injuries to the legs or spine, as well as those who suffer from swelling and chronic venous insufficiency. Choose the best walking shoes for overpronation and flat feet.
Support for the longitudinal and transverse arches of the foot is necessary for its full functioning in conditions of increased or uneven load. Properly selected insoles-arch supports reduce the shock load on the spine, provide sufficient work of the muscular-venous pump of the lower leg and, accordingly, good blood flow.
After a leg injury, the weakened muscle-ligamentous apparatus is restored gradually, therefore healthy limb functions for almost two – therefore, the risk of flat feet is relevant for both legs.
Therefore, do not be surprised that the prescription for the purchase of insoles is not given out by an orthopedist, but by a surgeon, meteorologist or obstetrician-gynecologist. Along with compression knitwear, insoles are recommended by phlebologists.
Varieties of insoles
Insoles of mass production are used for the prevention of flat feet, as well as if the arches of both legs require the same support. In case there is a functional or anatomical shortening of the limb, one foot falling in or out, various degrees of flattening, the individual manufacturer is recommended.
Full foot insoles are designed for the entire length of the foot. They do not require fixing in shoes, just fit. 3/4 (from the heel to the metatarsus), half insoles (from the toe to the midfoot) and inserts, as a rule, need to be glued with double-sided tape. An exception is foam latex models, as it does not slip.
Depending on the medical recommendation and the type of shoes used, frame and flexible (soft) insoles are offered. By corrective capabilities distinguish between longitudinal, transverse and combined.
With heel spur, diabetic foot, and in some other cases, silicone insoles are prescribed. They usually do not have pronounced support of the foot in the area of the arches, and their function is to depreciate when walking and reduce pain due to the elasticity and softness of silicone.
By foot size or by shoe size?
Serial insoles are made taking into account the proportions of the foot, so improper selection guarantees discomfort, disruption of the musculoskeletal system and even pain (!!!).
The longitudinal arch support should be strictly in the place allotted to it, therefore the size of the foot, and not the shoes, is of paramount importance. When the insole is combined, the same selection rule applies. In the case of a single transverse arch support, it is the location of the “cushion” that is important, therefore size variations are permissible depending on the height of the heel, the degree of swelling, etc. These nuances are determined in the process of trying on several insoles or are specified by a salon consultant. When choosing insoles for children, in no case should you take them for growth, otherwise, their wearing will be meaningless, and even harmful.
Insoles for high-heeled shoes
Under the heel above four centimeters are only flexible (soft) insoles with transverse arch support, since due to the raised heel the load transfers to the metatarsal bones. The combined version is impractical for “boats” since the leg simply can not stay in the shoes. But if we are talking about relatively spacious winter boots or stiletto ankle boots, then it is advisable to try on a longitudinally-transverse half-insole. But, again, flexible, frameless.
Open shoe inserts
Sandals, clogs, sandals and other open shoes do not allow you to fix the full, and often even half-insole. For the summer season, a cross-sectional insert, sometimes called a drop, is offered. With proper gluing, it completely closes with the foot and becomes invisible. Contact the sales assistant to find out, feel and remember exactly where such arch support should be: not under the bones that hurt after a long walk, but closer to the middle of the foot, in the recess!
How long do support insoles last for daily use?
Usually, the warranty period is 6 months. Given the pronounced seasonality in most of the territory of the Eastern Slavic countries, people change their shoes about four times a year. That is, having acquired arch support for boots, ankle boots, sandals, etc., you can go for new ones in two years. If the body mass of a person contributes to the rapid deformation of even hard frame insoles, it is recommended to replace it as the corrective properties decrease. Insoles for sports shoes (blue, pictured) are not used so often, therefore, with regular airing, they serve several seasons. Fat people (130 kg and above) often put an elastic liner under the longitudinal arch support of their insoles.
Proper care of insoles-arch supports
Neglect of hygiene standards leads to poor health and relationships with others. People who suffer from sweating legs know this firsthand. In order for the insoles to last for a long time and look neat, it is worth remembering the timely care.
Items made of genuine leather may be wiped and aired, but not washed. Silicone – rinse in warm water with a mild detergent. Artificial leather and foam rubber do not suffer from water.
Drying and ventilation – only far from heating appliances, treatment with antibacterial solutions and sprays are undesirable.
Adhesive cushioned insoles usually have double-sided tape on the back. Daily re-sticking from one pair to another renders both adhesive tape and the inner surface of the shoe unusable. For each often used shoe, it is advisable to have separate insoles-arch supports or inserts.
Properly selected, comfortable in use orthopedic insoles-arch supports provide unloading of the foot, normalization of venous outflow, reduction of shock load on the spine, improved posture, damaged due to the habit of walking in the wrong shoes and sitting for a long time. And wearing insoles even in model shoes is not at all shameful. It’s a shame to stoop, club up, moan from pain in the legs and still not try to fix the current state of affairs.
Going to a large orthopedic salon, the buyer has the right to expect that he will be offered insoles-arch supports and inserts for all types of shoes: sports, model, open, heeled, everyday street and home.