Choosing gym shoes can be critical for beginners. Here are some tips to help you identify the right pair for your needs.
Gym shoes: from sports accessory to technical equipment
In recent years, gym shoes have evolved to become a high-tech object, the result of research and study. Precisely for this reason, the market offers an infinite number of models in which it is difficult to orient oneself. The best gym shoes are those that meet the needs of athletes, for those who go to the gym 2-3 times a week and for those, however, every day.
Here, then, is the first question to ask: what will be the discipline that, for the most part, you will do in the gym? Even gyms, in fact, are no longer just fitness centers, but are places where you can practice many different activities: spinning, running, TRX, pilates (just to name a few).
Each discipline has its own gym shoe
There are activities such as weightlifting that require solid, incompressible fitness shoes, called powerlifting. Spinning, on the other hand, requires shoes that ensure a great adherence of the foot to the pedal without, however, being cumbersome or heavy. Today we talk about functional training, carried out with a free body, which requires a suitable outfit and light and flexible shoes, capable of supporting the movements performed by the sportsman.
What makes it difficult to choose gym shoes?
In our bodies, the feet guarantee support and balance. Our entire locomotor system, muscles and skeleton, rest on our feet, thus receiving support, stability and movement from them. The choice of shoes is also subjective because it concerns us and who we are. If we suffer from obesity, for example, we will need shoes that give us the support our body deserves. The same goes for people suffering from joint problems such as valgus knees or spinal column disorders: shoes with appropriate stabilizing systems are needed.
Supine or pronating stride
When we walk and run, not everyone puts their foot down in the same way. This is due to the functioning of the arch of the foot, a kind of natural shock absorber of our body. For example, there are those who place their feet on the ground with a rotation of the heel outwards: this is called supination. On the contrary, there are those who walk or run tend, in the support phase, to a rotation inwards: we speak of overpronation. In all these situations, we need shoes suitable for running and walking that correct these constitutional defects, so as to avoid traumas and damage to the joints.
Baropodometric examination to identify planar support
The choice of gym shoes requires careful evaluation, for this reason, before concluding the purchase it is good to visit an orthopedist to perform a baropodometric examination, thanks to which you can identify your type of foot support.